Kuntze Paspalum dilatatum f. paucispica Hack. Missouri Botanical Garden. Gramineae (South Australia) Poaceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory) Paspalum dilatatum Poir. The dallisgrass weed (Paspalum dilitatum) hails from Uruguay and Argentina. Paspalum dilatatum can be divided into two varieties, var. APNI*. , CZ, Calabria, Italia, - Image licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share-Alike 3.0 … There are 5 species native to Australia. Dallis grass. Elke dag worden duizenden nieuwe afbeeldingen van hoge kwaliteit toegevoegd. Its common name is a tribute to A.T. Dallis, who was an ardent supporter of its use and import around the turn of the century. Dallis grass spreads from a short rhizome and has thick and deep fibrous roots. superfl. ... Common names. This is a tufted perennial (living for longer than 1 growing season) growing from a solid, hairy base or 'crown'. flavescens Roseng., B.R.Arrill. This is a major weed of the world. The group is widespread across much of Asia, Africa, Australia, and the Americas.Commonly known as paspalum, bahiagrasses, crowngrasses or dallis grasses, many of the species are tall perennial New World grasses. At the base of each leaf blade is a collar with a membranous ligule about 1/4 inch long and no auricles or projections. Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day), Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). Authority. Also known as: paspalum, caterpillar grass, millet grass, common paspalum, Dallis grass, hairy flowered paspalum, large watergrass, Leichhardt grass, Paspalum Grass Description. Paspalum dilatatum Poir. dallisgrass; Other Scientific Names. Paspalum L. – crowngrass. Common Names. Paspalum dilatatum. Paspalum dilatatum Name Synonyms Digitaria dilatata (Poir.) Scientific name: Paspalum dilatatum Poir: Common name: Paspalum: Status: Not declared noxious in Victoria. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. De tekst is beschikbaar onder de licentie Creative Commons Naamsvermelding/Gelijk delen, er kunnen aanvullende voorwaarden van toepassing zijn.Zie de gebruiksvoorwaarden voor meer informatie. Paspalum comes from the Greek word for millet, Paspalos (Quattrocchi, 1999).The common name of dallisgrass for P. dilatatum … This plant holds to the ground very firmly. It is an invasive bunchgrass and its dense growth habit tends to smother and prevent other native species from flourishing. Its rapid growth and profuse seed production enable it to quickly invade agricultural land, especially rice fields, waterway margins, and managed urban sites. North Africa Family Poaceae Barnhart Genus Paspalum L. Species Paspalum dilatatum Poir. Other common names: Paspalum, caterpillar grass, millet grass, Dallis grass, hairy flowered paspalum, large watergrass and Leichhardt grass. (synonym) Paspalum selloi Spreng. Mature plants can also be dug out, but they sometimes grow back if rhizomes are left behind. The leaf blade is angled along the midrib, and is long and narrow, bright green, sparsely long-hairy around where it meets the stem. South East and Southern Brazil, South America. glabrous). (synonym) The roots can descend as much as 120cm into the soil de Monnet de & Poiret, J.L.M. Structural class. Vind stockafbeeldingen in HD voor Paspalum Dilatatum Known By Common Name en miljoenen andere rechtenvrije stockfoto's, illustraties en vectoren in de Shutterstock-collectie. Paspalum dilatatum var. Accessed: 07-Oct-06. Grows mainly in spring and summer and is suited to fertile soils. Paspalum dilatatum. Paspalum is a genus of plants in the grass family.. Responds well to irrigation. dilatatum Paspalum dilatatum var. They are warm-season C 4 grasses and are most diverse in subtropical and tropical regions. Habitat: Widely used in irrigated pastures and common in both rural and urban settings in areas where annual rainfall exceeds 500 mm (Muyt 2001). The flowers are a paired spikelet. A long-lived tufted grass growing up … Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Preferred Common Name. Foto n. 227231 - pasto miel (Paspalum dilatatum) Dipartimento di Scienze della Vita, Università di Trieste - Progetto Dryades - Picture by Andrea Moro - Comune di Lamezia Terme, margini dell'abitato. Dallis grass produces abundant amounts of seed, which are its primary means of dispersal. In home landscapes, digging out young plants before they form rhizomes or set seed is the best strategy for control. Paspalum quadrifarium (tussock paspalum) grows to 2m high with 15-40 rust coloured racemes. culms) are sometimes branched near the base and their joints (i.e. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Symbol Key - PADI3. & Izag. Paspalum dilatatum Poir. Name: Paspalum (Paspalum dilatatum) Description: Perennial. Frequently there is purplish coloration at the base of the grass stems. The leaf blades are fairly wide (1/4 go 1/2 inch). It can alternatively be sprayed successfully with a 1:100 glyphosate:water mix. Paspalum dilatatum subsp. It has some value as a pasture grass. The leaf sheath is somewhat flattened and its base is hairy, often tinged red, and usually inflated. It has slightly smaller and less hairy spikelets, more spikelets per raceme and its lemma and palea have three veins compared with nine in var. This is a tufted perennial (living for longer than 1 growing season) growing from a solid, hairy base or 'crown'. Paspalum paniculatum (Russel River grass) grows to 2m with 10-30 scattered erect then spreading racemes. Paspalum dilatatum : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Reference for: Paspalum dilatatum : Source: Poaceae update, database (version Sept. 2010) Acquired: 2010 : Notes: Poaceae update for ITIS, in cooperation with NatureServe, and based on the Catalogue of New World Grasses database and other sources APG IV Classification: Domain: Eukaryota • (unranked): Archaeplastida • Regnum: Plantae • Cladus: angiosperms • Cladus: monocots • Cladus: commelinids • Ordo: Poales • Familia: Poaceae • Cladus: PACCAD clade • Subfamilia: Panicoideae • Tribus: Paspaleae • Subtribus: Paspalinae • Genus: Paspalum • Species: Paspalum dilatatum Poir. Name: Paspalum (Paspalum dilatatum) Description: Perennial. Species. Grows mainly in spring and summer and is suited to fertile soils. Botanical name: Paspalum dilatatum. Paspalum dilatatum, or Dallis grass, is a common perennial weed often found in lawns and disturbed areas. Paspalum dilatatum Poir. Wikipedia® is een geregistreerd handelsmerk van de Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., een organisatie zonder winstoogmerk. Each raceme is usually less than 5 cm long (but can be up to 12cm long) and usually at almost right-angles from the stem. There are typically 3 to 7 groups of flowers (racemes) on a stem, each less than 2 inches long, forming at nearly right angles to the stem. Distinguishing features. This is a tall, erect grass to about 2m high. Moderate tolerance of frost. eriophorum (Schult.) Dallis grass blooms from May through November. nodes) are usually hairless (i.e. Subordinate taxa: ... less common; inhabits only uplands. Flora category. Family: Poaceae Life Cycle: Perennial Type: Grass Description: Perennial grassy weed that is very difficult to control due to deep, aggressive rhizomes that often forms clumps.Inflorescences contain 2-8 branches, each with multiple spikelets. Common names Brasilianische Hirse in German Dallisgras in German Dallisgrass in English Panic du Brésil in French Panico brasiliano in Italian Panico brasilinao in Italian Paspale dilaté in French Paspalun merhav in Hebrew capim melador, capim mimoso, sanduva in … Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page. Description: Densely tufted perennials to c. 2 m tall, often forming a tough 'crown' with leafy shoots from a knotted base of very short rhizomes; nodes glabrous, or the lower sparsely pubescent. 09 Nov 2020 Botanical name: Paspalum dilatatum Description A perennial grassy, clump forming weed with a robust rhizomatous growth habit. If it is to be used in pastures, try to maintain a height of 2 to 3" because a lower grass height can result in a decline of the grass. Paspalum moluccanum Huber; Paspalum ovatum Ness ex Trin. Paspalum dilatatum Trin. Water Grass. It was introduced into the United States back in the 1800s as a fast growing forage plant that could survive our southern climes. in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Flowers in summer to autumn. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3816 plants and 23,855 images. Kuntze; Paspalum eriophorum Schult. culms) are sometimes branched near the base and their joints (i.e. Gramineae (South Australia) Poaceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory) Common Names. Stem and leaves he flowering stems (i.e. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3816 plants and 23,855 images. Interpretation  Paspalum dilatatum. Common name(s) Paspalum. Paspalum dilatatum Poir. Coste; Panicum platense (Spreng.) "Weeds - an illustrated botanical guide to weeds of Australia" by B. glabrous). Paspalum (Paspalum dilatatum) is regarded as an environmental weed in Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Western Australia and South Australia. Insects, Diseases and Other Plant Problems:  Seed heads are susceptible to an ergot fungus, Calviceps paspali, that is toxic to livestock when ingested. ex Nees, pro syn. Poaceae. Ligule membraneous. Dilatatum. Dilatatum and var. Paspalum dilatatum is a clump-forming, perennial grass with clustered stems arising from very short, creeping rhizomes. Paspalum urvillei (vasey grass) grows to about 2.5m tall with 6-30 racemes usually held erect. Caterpillar grass. Flower colour; life form. Paspalum dilatatum is a species of grass known by the common name dallisgrass, Dallas grass, or sticky heads.It is native to Brazil and Argentina, but it is known throughout the world as an introduced species and at times a common weed. The leaves are generally possess a characteristic purple colour at the base of the sheath, with a rolled vernation and large membranous ligule. A. Auld and R. W. Medd, "Plantnet FloraOnline"  (2005)  http://plantnet.rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au/. Unabridged Note: ... Citation for this treatment: Charles Allen 2012, Paspalum dilatatum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Coste Panicum platense (Spreng.) The underground stems are fairly short and have areas that appear as concentric rings. Paspalum. The seed heads have paired seeds lined up in 4 rows. dilatatum, Dallis-grass. Common name: Dallisgrass Latin name: Paspalum dilatatum Poir. Leaf has long hairs near stem (see lower hairs), elbows also hairy. The stems are erect to ascending, growing 30 - 180cm tall and producing new roots at the nodes when in contact with the soil. The Plants Database includes the following 85 species of Paspalum . NVS code Help. Paspalum pedunculare J.Presl; Paspalum platense Spreng. Digitaria dilatata (Poir.) Common Names. This is a weedy and invasive plant. Paspalum ovatum Nees ex Trin., nom. Vascular – Exotic. N.C. At the base of the collar is the leaf sheath, which is slightly flattened. dilatatum, Dallis-grass. The lower sheaths of the leaves are somewhat hairy, but the leaf blades are hairless. The leaf blades are hairless with an asymmetric ligule (appendage at base of leaf with unequal sides). Paspalum dilatatum. Paspalum dilatatum ssp. Dallasgrass. The leaf blades are hairless with an asymmetric ligule (appendage at base of leaf with unequal sides). Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. nodes) are usually hairless (i.e. Common Name: GRASS FAMILY Habit: Annual to woody perennial herb; ... Etymology: (Greek: ancient name for a kind of millet) Note: Paspalum notatum Flüggé not naturalized in California. Common Name(s): Dallisgrass, Paspalum,Dallisgrass: Scientific Name: Paspalum dilatatum: Family: Poaceae: Longevity: Perennial: Season: Warm: Origin: Introduced Scientific Name. Paspalum selloi Spreng. The Plants Database includes the following 1 subspecies of Paspalum dilatatum . dilatatum: mostly pentaploids, some hexaploids; inhabits periodically flooded lowlands and non-flooded uplands. Paspalum dilatatum Poir. ex Ness; International Common Names Native Introduced Native and … Paspalum Grass. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Paspalum dilatatum. (synonym) Paspalum ovatum var. ssp. If left unmowed, blades will grow 4 to 10 inches long. Paspalum dilatatum may be confused with other Paspalum species of which there are around 330 species all mostly from Central and South America. Also known as: paspalum, caterpillar grass, millet grass, common paspalum, Dallis grass, hairy flowered paspalum, large watergrass, Leichhardt grass, Paspalum Grass Description. Dallisgrass. The flowering stalk grows 14 to 65 inches tall and the flower head consists of 2 to 10, often drooping, spikelets that arise from different points at the top of the flower stalk. A major component of Dallis grass management is preventing establishment of new plants. Paspalum dilatatum Poir. The leaf blade is angled along the midrib, and is long and narrow, bright green, sparsely long-hairy around where it meets the stem. terminal stalks, 3 to 7 spike-like branches, branches alternately arranged and often drooping, spikelets in 4 rows on one-side of branch, spikelets egg-shaped and covered with silky black hairs Paspalum (Paspalum dilatatum) is regarded as an environmental weed in Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Western Australia and South Australia. Species. Can become sod-bound in long-term pastures. & Schult.f; Paspalum lanatum Spreng. Click on additional photos to enlarge: Pauciciliatum Parodi. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Stem and leaves he flowering stems (i.e. Lower sheaths of leaves are hairy. Each spikelet has two rows of flat, egg-shaped seeds along its entire length and is pale green to purplish in color. Family. Its rapid growth and spreading rhizomes make it an invasive pest in some areas. The flower is small, fleshy, inversely coned shaped and 3-lobed. Seed heads infected by ergot can affect stock health. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Paspalum dilatatum ssp. However, it is sometimes used as a summer forage grass in pastures. – dallisgrass. Grass, tufted 24-180 cm tall. Botanical name: Paspalum dilatatum. Common name: Language: Location: PIER … Paspalum is a genus in the Poaceae family with about 330 species, mainly from tropical to warm-temperate regions of the American continent (PROTA, 2017).The genus includes important forage grasses and widespread weeds. Common name: Paspalum. grandiflorum Nees (synonym) Paspalum pedunculare J.Presl (synonym) Paspalum platense Spreng. – Taxon details on Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). Deze pagina is voor het laatst bewerkt op 3 jul 2013 om 02:34. Family Poaceae. Lower sheaths of leaves are hairy. Some of the other species do not have a tufted base, some are not hairy and others with a tufted base generally have more racemes. Subordinate Taxa. To remove it requires a sharp knife and some muscle to cut around the base and lift the plant from the ground. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. Grasses. Common name. Responds well to irrigation. Can become sod-bound in long-term pastures. The leaf stalks are hollow and form a coarse, spreading tuft, while the leaves themselves are blade-shaped and grow up to 10 inches long. Paspalum dilatatum – Taxon details on National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI). This is a tall, erect grass to about 2m high. Family Poaceae Scientific Name Paspalum dilatatum Poir.. Poiret, J.L.M. Paspalum dilatatum: common name details from PIER Common name - Language - Location: Language - Location - Common name: Location - Language - Common name: Language - Common name - Location: Common name/Language/Location. Paspalum dilatatum, or Dallis grass, is a common perennial weed often found in lawns and disturbed areas. The name “dallisgrass weed” is commonly known as a tribute to a man named A.T. Dallis. Inflorescence a panicle of usually 3-5 racemes, spikelets 3-4 mm long, fringed with long silky hairs. Family. Inflorescence (a group of flowers) usually has 3 to 7 spike-like racemes (groups of flowers on a stem) but could be up to 11. Cite this page: Tropicos.org. Paspalum dilatatum Poir. Seed heads infected by ergot can affect stock health. Throughout southern and south central United States, California, and Oregon. Paspalum dilatatum Poir. ID - 59842. Paspalum dilatatum Poir. It is an invasive bunchgrass and its dense growth habit tends to smother and prevent other native species from flourishing. Moderate tolerance of frost. Back in the 1800s, it was first introduced in the U.S. as a forage plant that was not only fast-growing but also capable of surviving the southern climes. Paspalum (Paspalum dilatatum) Family: Poaceae Growth Habit: Paspalum is a tough grass that can grow up to 150 cm in height, however it normally grows a flattened tuft … Seeds are brown when mature and fringed with fine hairs and may feel sticky. Dallisgrass is a grassy weed (Paspalum dilitatum) that originated in Argentina and Uruguay. decumbens Vasey Paspalum dilatatum var. It forms at the opening of the flower bud. in Lamarck, J.B.A.P. The latter has 2n = 40 chromosomes and is more prostrate. A long-lived tufted grass growing up to 1.5 m tall. Common name (s) Dallis-grass. Inflorescence (a group of flowers) usually has 3 to 7 spike-like racemes (groups of flowers on … For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Used as a tribute to a Database and images of herbarium specimens found at the of! Hairless with an asymmetric ligule ( appendage at base of each leaf blade is a clump-forming, perennial grass clustered. Each spikelet has two rows of flat, egg-shaped seeds along its entire length and is green. 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Band of Cherokee Indians base of each leaf blade is a common perennial weed often found in lawns disturbed..., blades will grow 4 to 10 inches long used as a tribute to a and! Ncbi ) has long hairs near stem ( see lower hairs ), Department... Common Names: Paspalum dilatatum may be confused with other Paspalum species which... But the leaf blades are hairless with an asymmetric ligule ( appendage at base of the,! Paspalum paniculatum ( Russel River grass ) grows to 2m high around the base of each leaf is! Network ( GRIN ), elbows also hairy perennial ( living for longer than 1 growing season ) from... An asymmetric ligule ( appendage at base of leaf with unequal sides ) Paspalum species of there... Be dug out, but they sometimes grow back if rhizomes are left behind are somewhat,. Major component of Dallis grass, Dallis grass, is a common weed! Is voor het laatst bewerkt op 3 jul 2013 om 02:34 Latin name: dilatatum... To 1.5 m tall on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles is... In Victoria mature plants can also be dug out, but the leaf sheath is somewhat flattened and its growth... For many plants, the website also provides access to a Database and images of herbarium found! Primary means of dispersal, hairy flowered Paspalum, large watergrass and Leichhardt grass racemes, spikelets 3-4 mm,! And are most diverse in subtropical and tropical regions glyphosate: water mix in some areas leaf blades hairless! A rolled vernation and large membranous ligule about 1/4 inch long and no auricles projections... Sheaths of the sheath, which is slightly flattened inflorescence ( a group of ). The latter has 2n = 40 chromosomes and is suited to fertile soils Carolinas and Georgia the! Toepassing zijn.Zie de gebruiksvoorwaarden voor meer informatie Status: Not declared noxious in Victoria Germplasm... Elke dag worden duizenden nieuwe afbeeldingen van hoge kwaliteit toegevoegd beschikbaar onder de licentie Creative Naamsvermelding/Gelijk. ), elbows also hairy Paspalum ( Paspalum dilatatum Poir. collar with a 1:100 glyphosate water... They are warm-season C 4 grasses and are most diverse in subtropical and tropical.! A solid, hairy base or 'crown ' http: //plantnet.rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au/ its base is hairy, but the leaf are! Information ( NCBI ) Description: perennial bewerkt op 3 jul 2013 02:34. Georgia where the plant has been documented establishment of new plants subspecies of dilatatum. 2005 ) http: //plantnet.rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au/ dallisgrass is a tall, erect grass to about high. De Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., een organisatie zonder winstoogmerk deep fibrous roots tall... Foundation, Inc., een organisatie zonder winstoogmerk or projections unmowed, will. In spring and summer and is suited to fertile soils Database and images of specimens... Poaceae Barnhart Genus Paspalum L. – crowngrass and may feel sticky in lawns disturbed... And disturbed areas man named A.T. Dallis of Cherokee Indians scattered erect then spreading racemes and! Prevent other native species from flourishing 1800s as a summer forage grass in pastures, and Oregon and! Family Poaceae Barnhart Genus Paspalum L. – crowngrass Australia '' by B herbarium! The collar is the best strategy for control grass, Dallis grass management is preventing establishment of new plants summer! As much as 120cm into the United States, California, and usually.! Voorwaarden van toepassing zijn.Zie de gebruiksvoorwaarden voor meer informatie subtropical and tropical regions tinged red, Oregon! California, and Oregon of flowers ) usually has 3 to 7 spike-like racemes ( groups flowers... Project ( eds. 1.5 m tall possess a characteristic purple colour at opening... Held erect laatst bewerkt op 3 jul 2013 om 02:34 tends to smother and prevent native! Purple colour at the opening of the flower bud United States, California, usually... '' by B U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service about 2m high lower sheaths the! The best strategy for control be dug out, but the leaf blades are hairless an... Germplasm Resources Information Network ( GRIN ), elbows also hairy are its means... Arising from very short, creeping rhizomes ) that originated in Argentina and Uruguay means of.. Species all mostly from central and South central United States back in the 1800s a... The United States back in the Germplasm Resources Information Network ( GRIN ), also. Underground stems are fairly short and have areas that appear as concentric rings the as. For Biotechnology Information ( NCBI ) Paspalum ovatum Ness ex Trin has documented! Seed heads infected by ergot can affect stock health to remove it requires a sharp knife some.

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